Madagascar


Madagascar is the 4th largest island in the world.

Madagascar is considered a hot spot for biodiversity it is home to some of the most interesting and unique plant and animal life anywhere.  Madagascar has more endemic (native to only one area) tree species than any other country in the world. 


Madagascar has a short human history dating back only 2000 years but in that time roughly 90% of the forests that once spanned this large country have been cut down.  Since 1950 half its forests have been lost.  Deforestation is rampant in Madagascar due to the high degree of slash and burn agriculture (tavy), relative poverty throughout the country, and high rates of population growth.


Conservation is a major priority in this country because of the unique nature of the many species that live here.  Lemurs are the best known species unique to madagascar and many of the 100 plus species are threatened.  Madagascar relies heavily on exports such as vanilla an semi-precious stones.  However, tourism is a large component of the economy.

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Madagascar